Employee appraisal meaning and the purpose of an appraisal
Appraisal is a two-headed process of looking backwards to analyse past employee performance and looking forward into the future with a view to improving future performance. The appraisal forms a important part of an individual’s development helping each employee to maximise his or her job performance and ultimately underpins the wider team and the organisation’s goals.
The main purpose of an appraisal program should be to assist employees to improve their performance. This will be of benefit to both the employees and the organisation.
An appraisal program may be designed to include some or all of the following elements:
- a review of the employee’s past performance;
- discussion of the employee’s strengths and areas for improvement;
- discussion of any problems and constraints, with a view to identifying solutions;
- a review of the extent to which the employee has achieved set targets;
- discussion of appropriate targets for the forthcoming quarter/year;
- identification of training and development needs in relation to the employee’s current job;
- identification of training and development needs in relation to a job that the employee may do in the future;
- a review of the employee’s long-term potential;
- a discussion about the employer’s future plans; and
- a discussion about the employee’s future ambitions and plans.